《Neurology》:From clinical to tissue-based dual TIA
2015-03-19 14:10:03

Qiliang Dai, MD*, Wen Sun, MD, PhD*, Yunyun Xiong, MD, PhD, Graeme J. Hankey, MD, FRACP, Lulu Xiao, MD,Wusheng Zhu, MD, PhD, Minmin Ma, MD, PhD, Wenhua Liu, MD, PhD, Dezhi Liu, MD,  Qiankun Cai, MD, Yunfei Han, MD, Lihui Duan, MD, Xiangliang Chen, MD, Gelin Xu, MD, PhD and Xinfeng Liu, MD, PhD


  1.                                                                                                                             Correspondence to Prof. Xinfeng Liu: xfliu2@vip.163.com


    • Objective: To investigate whether dual tissue-defined ischemic attacks, defined as multiple diffusion-weighted imaging lesions of different age and/or arterial territory (dual DWI), are an independent and stronger predictor of 90-day stroke than dual clinical TIAs (dual TIA).

    • Methods: Consecutive patients with clinically defined TIA were enrolled and assessed clinically and by MRI within 3 days. The predictive ability of the ABCD clinical factors, dual TIA, and dual DWI was evaluated by means of multivariate logistic regression.

    • Results: Among 658 patients who were included in the study and completed 90 days of follow-up, a total of 70 patients (10.6%) experienced subsequent stroke by 90 days. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that dual DWI was an independent predictor for subsequent stroke (odds ratio 4.64, 95% confidence interval 2.15–10.01), while dual TIA was not (odds ratio 1.18, 95% confidence interval 0.69–2.01). C statistics was higher when the item of dual TIA in ABCD3-I score was replaced by dual DWI (0.759 vs 0.729, p = 0.035). The net reclassification value for 90-day stroke risk was also improved (continuous net reclassification improvement 0.301, p = 0.017).

    • Conclusion: Dual DWI independently predicted future stroke in patients with TIA. A new ABCD3-I score with dual DWI instead of dual clinical TIA may improve risk stratification for early stroke risk after TIA.